Biomedical Engineering Degrees and Careers

What You'll Do

industrious biomedical engineering degree professionals

By Jennifer Wegerer

Combining biology and medicine with engineering, biomedical engineering professionals do research, along with life scientists, chemists, and medical scientists, on the engineering aspects of the biological systems of humans and animals. Biomedical engineers also design devices used in various medical procedures, such as the computers used to analyze blood or the laser systems used in corrective eye surgery.

Job Opportunities

Biomedical engineers stand at the forefront of making the U.S. a healthier place. Their technical expertise and training prepares them for work in scientific research and development; for companies that manufacture pharmaceuticals, medical equipment and supplies, and other health-related products; and for medical and surgical hospitals. 

Several factors have influenced the high demand for engineers who understand how to develop sophisticated medical devices and equipment:

  • An aging population and a growing focus on health issues—biomedical engineering produces the leading-edge medical tools that can accurately and efficiently help diagnose, or rule out, serious medical conditions.
  • Cost-effectiveness—when it comes to manufacturing complex medical devices and supplies, biomedical engineers have the medical and engineering expertise that companies need to produce that equipment in a cost-effective manner.

The Future of Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineering fosters a positive relationship between medical science and technology, with the goal of achieving maximum benefits for human health and well-being. Consider just a few examples of the ways in which biomedical engineering continues to make an impact on everyday life in the U.S.:

  • ScienceDaily reports that recent research conducted at Virginia Tech-Wake Forest School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (SBES) has helped advance cancer detection and progression in the human body based on a revolutionary new technology called microfluidics, the behavior of fluids at the microscale level.
  • According to, biomedical engineering researchers at North Carolina State University recently developed a "smart coating" that helps surgical implants, such as hips, knees and dental replacements, better bond with bone, warding off infection and even encouraging bone growth.
  • BusinessWeek details how biomedical engineering researchers at the University of Michigan have discovered through lab tests that rocking embryos before implanting them into the womb has the potential to increase the success of in vitro fertilization.

Schools & Degree Programs

Performing the complex work of biomedical engineering requires highly specialized biomedical training. Biomaterials, biomechanics, medical imaging and orthopedic engineering are just a few of the specialties students can choose.

Colleges and universities throughout the U.S. offer bachelor's, master's and PhD programs in biomedical engineering. A majority of biomedical engineering positions, particularly those in research and development, require a master's degree or higher.


According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' 2018-19 Occupational Outlook Handbook, the median national annual salary for biomedical engineers is $85,620. Actual salaries may vary greatly based on specialization within the field, location, years of experience and a variety of other factors. National long-term projections of employment growth may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions, and do not guarantee actual job growth.